The University of Oxford has joined forces with the COVID Symptom Study app to widen access to two clinical trials of potential treatments for COVID-19.
The two trials include the STOIC trial, which is supported by the NIHR Oxford BRC. Run by the University’s Nuffield Department of Medicine (NDM), it is aiming to learn if the inhaled steroid Budesonide works on adult patients in the early stages of a COVID-19 infection.
The COVID Symptom Study App was developed and is managed by health technology company ZOE, with the research using data from the app being undertaken by academics at King’s College London. The app has now been downloaded by over 3.5 million people in the UK and has recruited over 800,000 citizen scientists to its Vaccine and Trial Registry.
The registry was launched on 9 July and aims to raise awareness and rapidly recruit members of the public to the growing number of national and community-based clinical trials for COVID-19 in the UK.
Users who have already signed up to the COVID Symptom Study Vaccine and Trial registry and test positive for COVID-19, or show signs of symptomatic COVID in the app, will be contacted and given the opportunity to join Oxford University’s PRINCIPLE and STOIC trials.
The PRINCIPLE Trial, run from the Nuffield Department for Primary Care Health Sciences, is evaluating whether treatment early on in the community can help people aged over 50 recover quickly from COVID-19 illness, without the need for hospital admission.
The trial, one of the UK Government’s four national priority platform trials on COVID-19 treatments, is open across the UK to people aged over 50 with an underlying health condition or anyone aged over 65.
PRINCIPLE, whose research team include academics supported by the Oxford BRC, is currently evaluating azithromycin and doxycycline, two commonly prescribed antibiotics. These drugs are thought to have anti-viral and anti-inflammatory properties against coronavirus, and also treat bacterial infections like pneumonia, which is a common reason for deterioration in people with COVID-19.
Some 665 people have already signed-up to take part, but many more are needed to determine whether either of the treatments can help treat the disease. The collaboration with the COVID Symptom Study app will help to link eligible individuals with the PRINCIPLE trial.
Prof Chris Butler, a GP and Co-Lead of the PRINCIPLE Trial, said: “Until an effective vaccine is developed and made widely available, treating people at home who show symptoms of COVID-19 is the only way to help most people who get this awful illness to recover more quickly, and prevent those who are at most risk of serious illness from having to go to hospital.
“PRINCIPLE will answer a pressing question – which of the treatments showing promise against COVID-19 are effective in people at higher risk of complications early on in the illness? With the prospect of a second wave later this year, we urgently need many more people to join the trial to determine which, if any, of these drugs can be introduced into usual care. Our partnership with the COVID Symptom Study is an important step in facilitating access to this trial for those users who test positive for the disease.”
The STOIC (STerOids In COVID) study is investigating the early use of a steroid inhaler, in people with symptoms suggestive of COVID-19, as a treatment to reduce the chance of needing to go to hospital. Inhaled steroids are a type of medicine which reduces inflammation, so their use early in the disease course of COVID-19 could reduce the inflammation caused by the virus and help prevent severe disease.
The STOIC study is open to anyone over the age of 18 with new symptoms suggestive of COVID-19 within the last seven days. To get the study treatment (a Budesonide steroid inhaler) as early as possible, a positive test result is not necessary to join the study. Volunteers can participate from home, with the trial’s research nurses dropping off all the study equipment and medications on participants’ doorsteps.
All volunteers in the STOIC study will be provided with an oxygen monitor and a thermometer to detect any signs of worsening symptoms, and everyone will be monitored via daily phone calls with the study’s clinical team. The study is now looking for volunteers in the Thames Valley and will expand to other areas in the next few weeks.
Prof Mona Bafadhel, the STOIC study Chief Investigator, NDM Associate Professor of Respiratory Medicine and a Consultant Respiratory Physician at the Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, said: “We know that steroid tablets or injections given in severe disease can help prevent death in COVID-19.
“We want to test if steroids in an inhaler form, like those given to patients with asthma and COPD, can stop people getting worse from COVID-19 when given early. Inhaled steroids are cheap medicines that are widely available throughout the world. The STOIC study has been designed to answer this question and we are excited to work with the investigators at Kings College London and the ZOE team.’
Tim Spector, Professor of Genetic Epidemiology at King’s College London, and lead scientist at the COVID Symptom Study app commented: “We are really excited to be partnered with Oxford University. This is exactly why we set up the Vaccine and Trial Registry. We have millions of engaged loyal users, who all want to help play a role in the fight against COVID and this collaboration will help us link those individuals up with trials.
“Both the PRINCIPLE and the STOIC trials are conducting essential research, especially whilst we have no effective vaccine yet. This work will save lives and as always, we want to thank all our amazing users as they continue to allow us to make a real impact on COVID-19.”